From evolving adversary threats to game-changing technologies to emerging commercial capabilities, the space enterprise is in an era of rapid change. This moment presents countless opportunities to shape the future of space. Challenges will have to be addressed, whether it’s managing space traffic and orbital debris, integrating new commercial operators or preparing for a new era of contested space.
Space Agenda 2021, is a series of papers highlighting issues already at the forefront of U.S. space policy or are likely to emerge in the coming years. Each paper serves as a chapter in the full Space Agenda 2021 report, offering concise backgrounds, astute analyses, and potential options to aid government decisionmakers, industry leaders and other space stakeholders.
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Outpacing the Threat
This is a critical moment for the U.S. and its allies in space. As the space domain becomes more crowded and contested, potential adversaries are developing new capabilities that threaten national security and interests. These papers offer insights into key topics and trends that must be considered in order to continuously outpace the threat.
- Developing a Foundational Spacepower Doctrine: Fostering an Independent Space-Minded Culture and Identity - Peter Hays, Russell Rumbaugh, Michael Gleason
- A Roadmap for Assessing Space Weapons - Michael Gleason, Peter Hays
- What Place for Space: Competing Schools of Operational Thought - Russell Rumbaugh
- Organizing for Defense Space: Balancing Support for the Joint Force and Independent Space Operations - Russell Rumbaugh, Peter Hays, Michael Gleason
- Getting the Most Deterrent Value from U.S. Space Forces - Michael Gleason, Peter Hays
- Noninterference with National Technical Means: The Status Quo Will Not Survive - Michael Gleason, Luc Riesbeck
- Leveraging Commercial Space for National Security - Jamie Morin, Sam Wilson
- Continuous Production Agility: Future-Proofing the National Security Space Enterprise - Karen Jones, Geoffrey Reber
- The Future of Ubiquitous, Realtime Intelligence: A GEOINT Singularity - Josef Koller
- Space-Enabled Persistence and Transparency in the Arctic to Support Infrastructure and National Security Needs - Karen Jones, Lina Cashin
As the nation’s space capabilities continue to advance, leveraging new innovations and partnerships with the commercial sector and international allies can create new opportunities to augment U.S. government missions. These papers discuss key ideas and topics that will help shape the trajectory and expectations for this expansion of new frontiers.
- To the Moon and Beyond: Challenges and Opportunities for NASA’s Artemis Program - Angie Bukley
- Cislunar Development: What to Build and Why - James Vedda
- Human Spaceflight Safety: Regulatory Issues and Mitigating Concepts - Josef Koller, George Nield
- Emerging Issues in New Space Services: Technology, Law, and Regulatory Oversight - Josef Koller, Rebecca Reesman, Tyler Way
- Public-Private Partnerships: Stimulating Innovation in the Space Sector - Karen Jones
Managing the Growth in Space Traffic
Technological advances and new commercial entrants are lowering the barriers of entry to put spacecraft on orbit. While this trend provides promising opportunities, issues such as an increasingly congested orbit, impact on existing operations, and long-term sustainability must be addressed. These papers highlight some of the key issues in keeping space accessible and safe for the growing enterprise.
- Space Traffic Management: The Challenge of Large Constellations, Orbital Debris, and the Rapid Changes in Space Operations - Marlon Sorge, William Ailor, Ted Muelhaupt
- Slash the Trash: Incentivizing Deorbit - Rebecca Reesman, Michael Gleason, Layla Bryant, and Colleen Stover
- Airspace Integration in an Era of Growing Launch Operations - Robert Unverzagt
- Light Pollution from Satellites - Josef Koller, Luc Riesbeck, Roger Thompson
- Cislunar Stewardship: Planning for Sustainability and International Cooperation - George Pollock IV and James Vedda
- Developing a Sustainable Spectrum Approach to Deliver 5G Services and Critical Weather Forecasts - David Lubar, David Kunkee, and Lina Cashin
Leading in a Time of Change
Space leadership has enduring importance, yet it seems to mean different things to different people. Shaping the future of space must account for the domain’s rapidly evolving complexities as a physical, political, economic, and threat environment. These papers explore the challenges, priorities and potential strategies for a modern space enterprise.
- Space Leadership in Transition - James Vedda
- Strategic Foresight: Addressing Uncertainty in Long-Term Strategic Planning - Kara Cunzeman, Robin Dickey
- Space Game Changers: Driving Forces and Implications for Innovation Investments - Karen Jones
- Defense Space Partnerships: A Strategic Priority - Sam Wilson, Colleen Stover, Steven Jordan Tomaszewski
- Space-Based Solar Power: A Near-Term Investment Decision - James Vedda, Karen Jones
- Survey of Space-Related Political Appointees and Offices in U.S. Government - Robin Dickey, Colleen Stover