No Haven for Misbehavin': A Framework for Verifying Space Norms
International space situational awareness (SSA) data sharing is growing in importance for space safety, space sustainability, and military space activities. To reduce the risk of satellites colliding with other objects in orbit, the United States has shared space object tracking and surveillance data with commercial and foreign space actors since the early 1960s. If countries outside the circle of the United States and like-minded nations cannot access trusted information on what is happening in space, they are unlikely to rebuke or even recognize bad behavior in space. This analysis explores how to construct an international framework for SSA data sharing and suggests three models that could inform the framework’s design.